Woolley, Charles Leonard

Woolley, Charles Leonard
(1880-1960)
   A noted British archaeologist who became one of the giants of Assyriology and Near Eastern studies and made some of the most sensational discoveries in the history of archaeology. Born in London, Woolley attended New College, Oxford, and then rapidly made a name for himself in the still-young science of archaeology. Shortly before the outbreak of World War I he engaged in major excavations at the site of the ancient Syrian city of Carchemish. There, he worked with the eccentric but brilliant British scholar, excavator, and adventurer T.E. Lawrence, who later became famous as "Lawrence of Arabia." Woolley also worked at Tell el-Amarna, in Egypt, site of the ancient city erected by the maverick pharaoh Akhenaten.
   Woolley's greatest and most memorable achievements came after the end of World War I. In 1922 he headed a joint expedition of the British Museum and the University of Pennsylvania in excavations at the site of the ancient Sumerian city of Ur. During the next twelve years Woolley and his colleagues unearthed hundreds of ancient graves, including a number of tombs belonging to Sumerian royalty. The tomb of Queen Puabi and several others contained fabulous treasures, including jewelry, weapons, and other items made of gold and lapis lazuli. Woolley also investigated the great ziggurat at Ur and found evidence that he thought proved the reality of the great flood mentioned in the biblical book of Genesis.
   Upon his triumphant return to England in 1935, Woolley, now world famous, was knighted by the queen, becoming "Sir" Charles Leonard Woolley. He went on to lead important excavations in Syria from 1937 to 1939 and from 1946 to 1949. A superlative scholar and an excellent writer, Woolley published twenty-five books, many of which have gone through numerous reprints and are still available. Among the most popular were, and remain, The Sumerians (1928); Digging Up the Past (1930); Ur of the Chaldees (1938); Spade-work: Adventures in Archaeology (1953); and Excavations at Ur (1954).
   See also: flood legends; Ur; ziggurat

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Leonard Woolley — Leonard Woolley Charles Leonard Wooley, plus connu sous le nom de Sir Leonard Wooley, né le 17 avril 1880 à Londres, mort le 20 février 1960, était un archéologue britannique, qui consacra quinze ans de sa vie, de 1919 à 1934, à fouiller le site… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Leonard Woolley — Leonard Wooley (rechts) und T. E. Lawrence in Carchemish, Frühling 1913 Sir Charles Leonard Woolley (* 17. April 1880 in London; † 20. Februar 1960 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WOOLLEY, SIR CHARLES LEONARD° — (1880–1960), English archaeologist. From 1905 to 1907 he was assistant keeper in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. His earliest excavation work was carried out in England (Corbridge, 1906–07), Nubia (1907–11), and at Carchemish, Turkey (1912–14). In… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sir Charles Leonard Woolley — noun English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880 1960) • Syn: ↑Woolley, ↑Sir Leonard Woolley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archeologist, ↑archaeologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leonard Woolley — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Woolley. Charles Leonard Wooley, plus connu sous le nom de Sir Leonard Wooley, né le 17 avril 1880 à Londres, mort le 20 février 1960 (à 79 ans), était un archéologue britannique, qui consacra …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leonard Woolley — (right) and T. E …   Wikipedia

  • Leonard Woolley — Leonard Wooley (rechts) und T. E. Lawrence in Carchemish, Frühling 1913 Sir Charles Leonard Woolley (* 17. April 1880 in London; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Woolley — noun English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880 1960) • Syn: ↑Sir Leonard Woolley, ↑Sir Charles Leonard Woolley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archeologist, ↑archaeologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Woolley — biographical name Sir Charles Leonard 1880 1960 English archaeologist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Woolley — /wool ee/, n. Sir (Charles) Leonard, 1880 1960, English archaeologist and explorer. * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”